Twenty-seven

27N-1.jpg
Sarony photograph number 27 taken when Wilde was 27.

Oscar Wilde was 27 years of age when left England for America on board the S.S. Arizona. By the time he reached New York eight days later he was 26—this being the age he insisted upon in press interviews. [1]

A simple mistake for anyone to make who was awful at arithmetic or a victim to vanity; but it takes a declared genius to incorporate the error years later into his works, as we shall see.

First, there’s something fundamental about the number 27.

Never mind that by adding together the integers from 2 to 7 one gets 27. Nor that it is the number of books in the New Testament or bones in the human hand. For my allusion is, of course, to Oscar Wilde.

Neither do I intend to bore you with trivia by noting how C.3.3. (Wilde’s prison number) is like the perfect Cube 33 and three cubed also comes to 27—although someone does need to explain why when Ellmann says, “Mahaffy boasted he had taught Wilde the conversational art”; and David Friedman in Wilde in America says, “if Mahaffy had convinced him of anything, it was the power of good talk”; and The Wilde Album says that Oscar described Mahaffy as “a delightful talker, too, a really great talker”—that all of these identical references to Mahaffy occur on page 27 of their respective books.

No, let us move from meagre pettiness to meaningful purpose.

Or at least as meaningful as can be mustered as I write this blog within the heady hospitality of the Oscar Wilde Bar in New York City, which I can blame for all of this numerology: it is, needless to say, on 27th Street.

My current focus is the famous collection of Sarony photographs of Oscar Wilde and with them the anomaly that the highest number in the series is twenty-seven. Accordingly, it is often cited that there 27 Sarony photographs of Oscar Wilde from 1882.

That sounds meaningful enough, so what is my purpose? Well, it turns out that there actually 28—and it’s time to set the record straight. [2]

And that record includes anyone who had better things to do than count photographs, and the story goes all the way back to and including the Sarony Studios and probably Oscar himself.

The Two Number NINES

The problem arises with these two photographs included in my archive as photographs 9A and 9B.

They are extremely similar and could easily be mistaken for one another when not viewed together. And it appears that this is precisely what most people have done. Even the Sarony Studio inscribed a number 9 on both of them.

Evidently, in identifying prints the studio took both of these for the same pose and continued marking successive photographs 10, 11 and so on. The fact that the studio probably never noticed is borne out by continuing to issue copies of both as number 9—the number is usually in dark ink on the negative thus appearing white on the print. To compound the error, Sarony, continued to number the photographs sequentially when Wilde posed for the Last Four, probably taken at a later date to give a total of 27. [3]

However, when juxtaposed one can easily see that the photos are different: in one Wilde is holding his book of Poems (1881) and in the other he is not.

Any suspicion that the two number 9s are actually the same photograph doctored (which was not unusual in Victorian times) can be dismissed because a close inspection shows differences in Wilde’s left hand—see the ‘Details’ at the foot of this page.

The total of 27 thus persisted unchallenged by most, if not all, accounts of the Sarony session to date. And, although The Wilde Album (the only other place where the Sarony photos can be found as a group) omits the one with Wilde holding the book, the author was wise enough to note that there were “at least” 27 pictures. And, as if to bear out this caution, one contemporary report I have says that Wilde had “30 sittings” which would be a more understandable number.

The Photographs of Dorian Gray

And what of Wilde? He too probably accepted the count and the number stayed with him. For why else would he record the following dialogue between Lady Henry and Dorian in his semi-autobiograhical novel The Picture of Dorian Gray:

‘You thought it was my husband. It is only his wife. You must let me introduce myself. I know you quite well by your photographs. I think my husband has got twenty-seven of them.’
‘Not twenty-seven, Lady Henry?’
‘Well, twenty-six, then. And I saw you with him the other night at the Opera.’

[Ch. III]

It seems a little beyond coincidental for Wilde to use a total of twenty-seven in connection with a random number of photographs in a conversation with no plot value.

Interesting, too, that Dorian questions the number twenty-seven, again for no apparent reason other than to have it changed to twenty-six, just as Wilde had done for the New York press.

Finally, and to complete the exchange, consider that the Sarony photographs were taken on January 5, 1882, the very night Wilde attended the Standard Theatre, in New York for a performance of the opera Patience.

After all that, it’s a pity there are 28. *

[* Addendum: Now even that is wrong—a twenty-ninth has been identified].

© John Cooper, 2018 


[1] The cute phraseology of this observation is credited to my Wildean friend Lily Rothenberg of New York. The facts are that Wilde was born in October 1854 and therefore was aged 27 in January 1882, not 26, as he told the press. (New York Evening Telegram, Jan 3, 1882, 1).

[2]. At least three more Sarony pictures of Wilde with short hair were taken in 1883 making the total of 31 known Sarony images.

[3]  Significantly, the inscribed numerals on the two versions of number 9 are in different styles suggesting two hands, which might explain the duplication.

THE SARONY PHOTOGRAPHS OF OSCAR WILDE

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John Cooper

John Cooper is a independent scholar who has spent 30 years in the study of Oscar Wilde. He is a long-standing member of the Oscar Wilde Society, a founding member of the Oscar Wilde Society of America, and a former manager of the Victorian Society In America. For the last 20 years Cooper has specialised in Wilde’s 1882 lecture tour becoming a consultant on Wilde’s American experience to biographers and the wider media. Cooper lectures on Wilde and has conducted new and unique research into Oscar Wilde visits to New York culminating in a guided walking tour. Online he is a popular blogger and the creator of the noncommercial archive 'Oscar Wilde in America’ which incorporates his work on the Sarony photographs, and a detailed documentary verification of Wilde’s American lecture tour. In 2012 Cooper rediscovered Wilde's essay The Philosophy Of Dress that forms the centerpiece to his book Oscar Wilde On Dress (2013).

6 thoughts on “Twenty-seven”

  1. Page 27 of Mahaffy’s “The Principles of the Art of Conversation” states: “Of course to instruct or to be instructed is often very pleasant, and so far knowledge, general or special, is a very useful help to conversation”.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Robert Johnson, Brian Jones, Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Jim Morrison, Kurt Cobain, Pete Ham, Amy Winehouse, all died at the age of 27.

    Like

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