The Rest Is History

Oscar Wilde by Napoleon Sarony, 1882

There is a pleasing symmetry in the idea of the flamboyant Napoleon Sarony photographing Oscar Wilde because they were both specialists in posing—albeit from opposing perspectives. So it is not surprising that they also had parallel views about it.

Posing

In an interview towards the end of his life, Sarony described the method of arranging his sitters with an almost Wildean flair when he said that: ‘The art of posing is in not posing. The true pose is not a pose, but a natural position.’ This remark is similar to Lord Henry’s remark in Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray: ‘Being natural is simply a pose, and the most irritating pose I know.’ Sarony’s artistic version lacks Wilde’s irony, of course.

But there is a more practical irony that Sarony can claim—his practice of arranging his sitters as nature intended by the use a mechanical contrivance.

This he achieved by use of a posing machine, an innovation of Sarony’s brother, Oliver (also a photographer, working in England). Napoleon Sarony brought the iron rest to America where he patented an improved version that bore his name, and which he marketed to other photographers.

Although the device may have been used originally to enhance stillness during the days of longer exposures, its use continued into Wilde’s era by allowing subjects to relax, and giving Sarony more time to arrange a desired posture without his models tiring.

The rest is now history but here are a few historical examples of the contraption and its use.



Text is adapted and extracted from the article “A Picturesque Subject Indeed! The Sarony Photographs of Oscar Wilde” by the present author, first published in The Wildean, [No. 55 July 2019], journal of the Oscar Wilde Society.

© John Cooper

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John Cooper

John Cooper is a researcher, author, blogger and documentary historian. As a long-standing member of the Oscar Wilde Society in London, a founding member of the Oscar Wilde Society of America, and a former manager of the Victorian Society In America, he has spent 30 years in the study of Oscar Wilde, having lectured on Wilde, and contributing to TV, film, and academic journals including The Wildean and Oscholars. Online he is the designer, author and editor of this noncommercial archive Oscar Wilde in America, blogger, and moderator of the Oscar Wilde Internet discussion groups at Yahoo and Google. For the last 14 years he has specialized in new and unique research into Oscar Wilde in New York, where he conducts guided walking tours based on the visits of Oscar Wilde. In 2012 John rediscovered Oscar Wilde's essay The Philosophy Of Dress that forms the centerpiece to his recent book Oscar Wilde On Dress (2013).

4 thoughts on “The Rest Is History”

  1. The posing machine was used as a murder weapon in one of the episodes of Murder Rooms. I thought at the time its creepiness had to do with its appropriation in the story (mad photographer trying to capture the moment the spirit leaves the body), but no, these advertisements convince me that the gadget was creepy in its own right and when used as designed. Such a Pre-Raphaelite idea, really, that artifice is best at reproducing “nature”.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. With my interest in Industrial Archeology I appreciated the Philadelphia connection with the advert from Wilson, Hood and Company dated 1868.
    I wonder how long the device was in use and whether it supported Oscar’s dramatic portrait of 1882?

    Like

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