A Scene at Long Beach

a-scene-at-long-beach

The intrigue that followed a chance meeting with Oscar Wilde in 1882.

A young girl whom Oscar Wilde met on vacation in 1882 became the lover of Wilde’s future niece and also had an affair with Wilde’s own lover’s future wife.

Confused? Then read on.

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Sam Ward, also seated in the above illustration.

It all began when Sam Ward, the author, gourmand and political lobbyist who had taken Wilde under his wing in America, invited him to Long Beach, the seaside resort on Long Island, New York.

After the holiday, on July 31, 1882, Ward wrote to his niece Maud Howe [1]:

“Oscar was here with me and I have taken him and Mr Hurlbert [2] to dinner at Long Beach, where we had moonlight on the ocean, and the setting sun, and the loveliest sea breeze to fan us.” [3]

Mrs Frank Leslie
Mrs Frank Leslie

A week or so later a full-page illustration by a staff artist appeared in Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper (above colorized) with the title “A Scene at Long Beach.” It showed a group at the beach, and although the people were not identified, the image was used to illustrate a society article about Wilde and Sam Ward. There seems little doubt, as Maud Howe Elliott also implied in a caption to the same illustration in her 1938 memoir Uncle Sam Ward and his Circle, that the men depicted were intended to be Sam and Oscar.

So much seems apparent. But it is also possible to identify the young lady in the picture who is admiring Wilde, as well as the little girl nearby, her daughter.

Natalie_Barney_-_Aventures_de_L'EspritIn 1882 Alice Pike Barney and her family spent the summer at New York’s Long Beach Hotel, and she and her five-year old daughter, Natalie, had a chance meeting with Wilde.

In her memoir Aventures de L’esprit (1929) Natalie Barney recalled what she nominates as her First Adventure: the story of how Wilde scooped her up as she ran past him fleeing a group of small boys, and held her out of the boys’ reach before sitting her down on his knee to tell her a story, what she recalled as “a wonderful tale.”  Thus, a friendship developed with Natalie’s mother, Alice.

Alice’s husband had abandoned her at the shore and returned to New York (as was his wont), so she and Natalie were able to spend the next day with Oscar on the beach. The acquaintance turned out to be precipitous for the mother and prescient for the daughter.firstadventure

For Alice, the mother, her conversations with Wilde changed the course of her life. Oscar inspired Alice to pursue art seriously despite her husband’s disapproval. As a direct result, she would go on to study under Carolus-Duran and James McNeill Whistler, and later wrote and performed in several plays and an opera, working to promote the arts in Washington, D.C. Many of her paintings are now in the Smithsonian American Art Museum. For Wilde, whose stated aim on his tour was to introduce the arts to America, this achievement, unknown to him, must be regarded as a great success for his mission.

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Self-Portrait with Palette, Alice Pike Barney, 1906
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James Abbott McNeill Whistler, Alice Pike Barney, 1898
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In Pose, Alice Pike Barney, c. 1900

Natalie, the daughter, grew up to be Natalie Clifford Barney, a playwright, poet and novelist resident in Paris, during which time she served on committees “that commemorated both [Wilde’s] birth and death.” [4]. As early as 1900, she was openly lesbian and published love poems to women under her own name, before going on to found a salon of decadent Modernists on the Left Bank for more than 60 years. Within this clique Natalie Barney conducted many non-monogamous relationships, but the intrigue is in the fact that at least two of her  lovers had Wildean connections.

The first was a brief affair with Olive Custance, the future wife of Wilde’s own lover, Lord Alfred Douglas, whom Douglas had married after Wilde’s death. Through this relationship Natalie came to know Douglas quite well, befriending him during his visit to Washington DC, and later becoming godparent to Douglas’ and Olive’s only child, Raymond.

Not to be outdone, Oscar’s brother, Willie Wilde, now adds to the complexity.

In 1891 he had married Mrs Frank Leslie, the proprietor of the very newspaper that published the illustration ‘A Scene at Long Beach’. A nice little conjunction. But the intrigue is that much later, in 1927, Natalie Barney met and cohabited with Dorothy Ierne Wilde, known as Dolly Wilde, Willie Wilde’s only daughter from his second marriage: Oscar’s only niece. The relationship was a passionate one for both Natalie and Dolly and continued until the latter’s death in 1941.

Perhaps the most intrigue is provided by Oscar himself who, after having been present at the birth of these intertwined relationships, died not knowing anything about them.

Atget_-_Pavillon_at_20_Rue_Jacob
The Pavillon at 20, Rue Jacob where Natalie Barney’s salon was held for 60 years.

natalie-clifford-barney

Natalie_Barney_nude
Nude Photograph of Natalie Barney, Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library

Douglas

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Dolly Wilde, by Cecil Beaton

—Résumé—

all

Numbering the characters 1—9 beginning at top left:

  • Douglas (3) and Oscar (5) were lovers
  • Dolly (2) and Natalie (4) were lovers
  • Natalie (4) and Olive (7) were lovers
  • Willie (9) and Mrs Leslie (6) were married
  • Douglas (3) and Olive (7) were married
  • Willie (9) and Oscar (5) were brothers
  • Alice (1) and Natalie (4) were mother and daughter
  • Willie (9) and Dolly (2) were father and daughter
  •  Oscar (5) and Dolly (2) were uncle and niece
  • Natalie (4) was godparent to the only child of Douglas (3) and Olive (7)
  • Sam (8) was mentor to Oscar (5)
  • Oscar (5) was mentor to Alice (1)
  • Mrs Leslie (6) was publisher and friend of Oscar (5)
  • Oscar (5), Sam (8), Alice (1) and Natalie (4) are all in A Scene at Long Beach illustration published by Mrs Leslie (6)

[1] Maud Howe Elliott (1854-1948), whom the press had erroneously linked romantically with Wilde, was the daughter of Sam Ward’s sister, Julia Ward Howe, the prominent abolitionist, social activist, poet, and author of The Battle Hymn of the Republic.

[2] William Henry Hurlbert (1827—1895), editor-in-chief of the New York newspaper The World.

[3] Noted in Truly Wilde: The Unsettling Story of Dolly Wilde, Oscar’s Unusual Niece, by Joan Schenkar. Virago, 2000. p 151. Fully recounted in Wild Heart: A Life: Natalie Clifford Barney and the Decadence of Literary Paris, by Suzanne Rodriguez, ‪HarperCollins‬, ‪2003. pp 30-33.

[4] Schenkar (qv.)

Published by

John Cooper

John Cooper is a researcher, author, blogger and documentary historian. As a long-standing member of the Oscar Wilde Society in London, a founding member of the Oscar Wilde Society of America, and a former manager of the Victorian Society In America, he has spent 30 years in the study of Oscar Wilde, having lectured on Wilde, and contributing to TV, film, and academic journals including The Wildean and Oscholars. Online he is the designer, author and editor of this noncommercial archive Oscar Wilde in America, blogger, and moderator of the Oscar Wilde Internet discussion groups at Yahoo and Google. For the last 14 years he has specialized in new and unique research into Oscar Wilde in New York, where he conducts guided walking tours based on the visits of Oscar Wilde. In 2012 John rediscovered Oscar Wilde's essay The Philosophy Of Dress that forms the centerpiece to his recent book Oscar Wilde On Dress (2013).

22 thoughts on “A Scene at Long Beach”

  1. Very very nice job, John, as usual. I love to see the name Carolus-Duran for he was the father-in-law of the great comic French playwright, Georges Feydeau who is right up there with Moliere and Wilde when it comes to writing comic plays and – raised in Paris – he has so much heart. I have read his entire works and my sheets are still stained from the tears of laughter that tumbled down over my cheeks. I may read all his plays again, not to mention those of the other two playwrights.

    I think Ierne may be a Roman name for Ireland.

    Again, John, your work is invaluable and most interseting. I look forward to it as to a real treat. I plan to save this posting of yours for a while and enjoy it again and again. You are remarkable – and those marvelous photos! A good scholarly mind – you must be a helluva poker player – or chess.

    Peter Garland
    Oakland/San Francisco

    Liked by 1 person

  2. Thanks for sharing, and introducing me to some of Alice Pike Barney’s work! I like her technique.  Bill

    On Sun, Mar 29, 2015 at 11:53 PM, Oscar Wilde In America :: The Blog wrote:

    John Cooper posted: ”

    A young girl whom Oscar Wilde met on vacation in 1882 became the lover of Wilde’s future niece and also had an affair with Wilde’s own lover’s future wife. Confused? Then read on.

    It all began when Sam Ward, the author, gourmand and political l”

    Like

  3. John, this is an excellent connect-the-dots. To take this off-camera (so to speak), is it not also true that Mrs. Frank Leslie (perhaps already Mrs. William Wilde) was the one who suggested to famed Gilbert & Sullivan producer, Richard D’Oyly Carte, that he bring Oscar Wilde to America? Allegedly she attended an opening performance of Patience in NYC and suggested to Carte that he might consider introducing the real ‘Bunthorne’ to America.

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    1. 1881 9 22 Colonel W.F. Morse opens Gilbert and Sullivan’s Patience in the Standard Theatre, Broadway, NY. Morse, at the suggestion of Mrs Frank Leslie (1836.6.5-1914) forms the opinion that a personal appearance by OW would boost attendances. 177 performances.
      1884 4 3 The National Tribune (Washington, D.C.) reports forthcoming marriage of Mrs. Frank Leslie (nee Miriam Folline 1836.6.5-1914) and the Marquis de Leuville: “So he went on to explain his system of athletics, which has been with him a life study, and caused him to be styled, in the Figaro of Paris, the founder of a new school. This school is that of “athletic aesthetic,” as opposed to the speculative, effeminate theories of Oscar Wilde.”
      1889 7 19 William Rene Oliver de Lorncourt, Marquis de Leuville and Mrs. Frank Leslie, at vestry office, Mount Street, Grosvenor Square, declare their intention to marry.
      1890 7 10 William Rene Oliver de Lorncourt, Marquis de Leuville and Mrs. Frank Leslie call at the Registrar in London and take out a marriage licence. She denies this in two weeks time.
      1890 7 24 Mrs. Frank Leslie denies calling at the Registrar in London [1890.7.10] to take out a marriage licence with William Rene Oliver de Lorncourt, Marquis de Leuville, and he does not contradict her.
      1891 7 28 Evening Capital Journal (Salem, Or.): “Has Mrs. Frank Leslie fully engaged herself to enter another matrimonial alliance? William Wilde, the elder brother of the esthetic Oscar Wilde, … has left London to visit Mrs. Leslie here. He is really engaged to the lady, although it has until now been kept a secret. William Wllde is a tall, handsome, manly fellow, and a great society man.”
      1891 8 10 The Morning Call (San Francisco, Calif.): “The report that William Wilde, brother of the sage-green esthetic, Oscar Wilde, is about to marry Mrs. Frank Leslie quivers so tremulously upon the blanc mange of silly gossip as to be hardly worth repeating, except as a test of public credulity.” Mrs. Frank Leslie (1836.6.5-1914).
      1891 8 11 The Hawaiian Gazette (Honolulu): “It is reported that Mrs Frank Leslie is about to marry a brother of Oscar Wilde.”
      1891 10 4 Willie Wilde (1852-1899.3.13) and wealthy widow Mrs. Frank Leslie (nee Miriam Folline 1836.6.5-1914) are married in the Church of the Strangers, 229 Mercer St., NYC. She is proprietor of the Frank Leslie Publishing Co. (NY) and is first to suggest OW’s US lecture tour. Frank Leslie (1821-1880.1.10).

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      1. Mrs Leslie was a helluva girl. Read her book about the trip she and friends took from Manhattan to the Sierras aboard a luxury train. She whipped her late husband’s newspaper empire into shape, too and she made at least a very famous couple of quotes about Willie Wilde.

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    2. As JD’s chronology implies Willie did not become “Mr Frank Leslie” until 1891, a decade after Wilde’s tour was mooted, and but you’re right she was instrumental in the idea of Wilde visit.

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  4. Fantastic, thank you both for the detailed clarification. I didn’t realize William Wilde married here in NYC. Did they maintain homes in both London and New York? I should know this, but where was brother Wille at the time of the trials?

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    1. Where was Willie Wilde at the time of his marriage. If you really want to learn about Wilde’s relatives read the biography and works of his father, Sir William Wilde, a stupendous genius. In some ways Oscar is a mere shadow of him. Peadar Garland Oakland, California

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  5. Walter, to think I took you supping in the Slaughtered Lamb and failed to mention we were around the corner from the very spot in Mercer Street where they were married. A marriage that didn’t last. Willie was back in London at the time of the trials.

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    1. Of course, Willie probably not able to pass sobriety tests to hold his own in Mrs. Leslie’s social circles. When next in NYC, I’ll buy lunch and we can re-trace some of the steps.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Watch it on the jokes about Irish drinkers, please. We are good at drinking whiskey, also at fantasizing and killing each other. The English are good at taking other people’s lands. Peadar Garland

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  6. To be fair Peter, I don’t think Walter was joking about Willie, and certainly not randomly towards the Irish. Willie Wilde’s drinking was an unfortunate feature of his marriage to Mrs Leslie, and he eventually died from complications related to alcoholism.

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    1. There you go with the Irish alcoholism again. You should read my article in the Bay Area Reporter Arts Section about the century-old-slander of how Oscar Wilde “drank the members of the Bohemian Club under the table” in 1882. That is not what happened at all but it is repeated in every book that comes out about Oscar. The Irish are drinkers, ergo Oscar was a drinker. Willie’s second marriage turned out better, I believe, and the progeny of that marriage are still active today. Willie was also quite talented and did a lot of writing and, I believe, editing. How could he not be talented with such parents? Too bad he was obsessed with marrying that millionairess and proving no good to her by day or night. He was one laid-back man. But you should also look at what he accomplished and not just come up with the typical knee-jerk reaction: The Irish are drinkers. Some of them are – but probably not more than most nationalities. Of course, we created whisky, “The water of life.” They say God let the Irish do that to keep us from ruling the world. But we’ve done okay. Look at your president today. I suppose you’ll just look at his drinking, if he does any. Respectufully, Peadar Garland

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  7. Thanks for this informative article. I’ve always wanted to see photos of Dolly and Natalie and a more candid one of Douglas than what is usually shown when he is mentioned with Wilde. Very interesting.

    Liked by 1 person

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