Conspicuous (Even By His Absence)


Oscar Wilde could be found almost everywhere in 1882

The phenomenon of Wilde’s US ubiquity has been well-documented, most recently in David Friedman’s Wilde in America (2014) which portrays Wilde as being so intent upon fame that he had a strategy for achieving it—a view with much validity.

Whatever Wilde’s personal strategy was, however, he was compounded in the effort by other factors: his own tour publicity, the popularity of Gilbert and Sullivan’s Patience and its burlesques, and a general curiosity of the people to see him. As a result, one might wonder whether it is possible to be too well known.

Take the world of advertising.

Wilde was such a cultural phenomenon during his American tour that his name was used by advertisers to generate media exposure for products with which he had no connection.

These advertisements include imaginary Wildean associations with suits, trousers, hats, neckwear, linens, collars and collarettes, and shoes. But his name was not just good for clothing. He could be found puffing everything from coach varnish, Easter cards, stationery, plant seeds, straw goods, plumbing goods, curtains, baby carriages, baseball, and even bosom beautifiers and veterinary skin cures. Finally, there is a poem (below) that defies any rationale for Wilde’s name in its title.

It is a measure of true fame (or possibly Wilde’s simultaneous notoriety) that advertisers sought not only to suggest an Oscar Wilde connection to their products but also to deny it! This latter phenomenon is evident in the first five of the following advertising ephemera, all of which date from 1882.




uk-adsunflowersneckwear hats shoes clothes-linen straw-goodscollars2collars sanodine-vetinerary=skin-cureplumber inter ocean jan 18- page 1 furniture bosom-beautifier baseball 8458754831_1c94671eae_z

Chicago Daily Tribune 16 Apr 1882 Sun Page 2poem-title

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John Cooper

John Cooper is a independent scholar who has spent 30 years in the study of Oscar Wilde. He is a long-standing member of the Oscar Wilde Society, a founding member of the Oscar Wilde Society of America, and a former manager of the Victorian Society In America. For the last 20 years Cooper has specialised in Wilde’s 1882 lecture tour becoming a consultant on Wilde’s American experience to biographers and the wider media. Cooper lectures on Wilde and has conducted new and unique research into Oscar Wilde visits to New York culminating in a guided walking tour. Online he is a popular blogger and the creator of the noncommercial archive 'Oscar Wilde in America’ which incorporates his work on the Sarony photographs, and a detailed documentary verification of Wilde’s American lecture tour. In 2012 Cooper rediscovered Wilde's essay The Philosophy Of Dress that forms the centerpiece to his book Oscar Wilde On Dress (2013).

8 thoughts on “Conspicuous (Even By His Absence)”

  1. I do recall flipping through a lot of this. Hardly a Mad Man era in advertising. Had they employed Oscar as a copywriter the results would have been decidedly more memorable.


    From: “Oscar Wilde In America :: The Blog” Reply-To: “Oscar Wilde In America :: The Blog” Date: Monday, March 23, 2015 at 8:44 PM To: Walter W J Walker Subject: [New post] Conspicuous By His Absence John Cooper posted: “The fact that Oscar Wilde could be found almost everywhere in 1882 has been well-documented, most recently in David Friedman’s Wilde in America (2014) which portrays Wilde as being so intent upon fame that he had a strategy for achieving it‹a view with mu”


    1. Did Wilde take all this to heart? When he set out to conquer Paris, he abandoned aesthetic dress, gave no lectures and was the subject of no shoes, shirts or hats. He wanted acceptance by Victor Hugo, Zola, Mallarmé, not by cartoonists. Perhaps we have been too mesmerised by the ‘being talked about’ quip.

      David Rose


  2. With the ‘being talked about’ quip Wilde was commenting on the enigma of fame and obscurity: unequal states that are almost equally undesirable. But I agree, there is a danger of being mesmerised by Wilde’s meaning: conflicted characters can be at their most seductive when being paradoxical.

    To cut through this, I would not wish to imply that Wilde coveted the attention of cartoonists—although he no doubt recognised its value. I’m sure he appreciated that his infiltration into advertising copy, along with his long hair and costume, were related products of his American tour of 1882. He said the Oscar of the first period ended thereafter, so you’re right to remind us that his motives and reception changed in early 1883. He probably wished (a la Lewinsky recently) to ‘reclaim his narrative’ by transitioning from public ridicule to personal acceptance. So the answer to whether Wilde took all this to heart is fittingly elusive because his time in America was simultaneously atypical and formative.


    1. Good Lord, likening Oscar to Lewinski. Please, John! One thing about Wilde is the number of roles he so successfully played – not least that of environmentalist, as now pointed out by yours truly,

      Peter G


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